How to write a CV: The process of presenting yourself to your future employer begins the moment you decide to apply for a particular job. The first thing you do to “connect” with a prospective employer is to present yourself through the CV.
The reason why you should have a well-written CV is that you will, in most cases, have great competition while applying for the job, so the purpose of a well-written CV is to separate you from others (many) candidates and to take you one step higher at the job interview. With the better representation and the more your CV meets the needs and requirements of employers, you are more likely to be called for an interview.
The biography should present you in the best light, in a concise and well-structured manner. There are plenty of ways to write a CV and it is this fact you can take advantage of and be as original. But let’s start from the beginning …
Personal / contact information
If your biography attracts someone’s attention, that person will more carefully look at your personal data and therefore you should pay close attention to this. When specifying personal contact details your CV should contain:
Name and surname,
Email address (which should read email@example.com)
mobile phone number (can be the landline if you are reachable on this number in most of the days).
Other information (address, date of birth, etc.) are also important, but not crucial. Photography has a very simple (though important) role, it gives the employer the ability to easily connect the impression from an interview with a specific biography, so it can only help you.
How to write a CV – Work experience
When it comes to experience, it should be noted that it is the most important point in the whole CV, and there should certainly be given the biggest attention. Employers view the experience as a list of your options and generally draw conclusions based on your previous experience, in the sense that, what did you do then and have achieved with the former employer, will continue to perform just as well for them.
In the context of a work experience indicate the companies where you worked, a period of employment in each of them and the position in which you are working, also, when specifying start with the most recent experience. Do not minimize what you were doing, and do not be ashamed of it. Show your future employer that you are a person who wants to learn and develop their potential in all situations.
The focus should be placed on the results achieved in the context of the duties and responsibilities that you had on the previous working positions and details should cite only the work experience relevant to the position you are applying for. Use the business vocabulary for descriptions of work commitments and stress that you have contributed or had a direct impact on some of the successes that have been achieved, as this underlines your active role and will not be unclear how well you performed your responsibilities. Remember, everyone on your team wants people who achieve success and contribute, from their point of view, the growth of the company.
Consider where you have made a measurable difference, what kind of results you have achieved, what did you change or improved? For example: “Responsible for increasing traffic by 80% compared to the previous year” or “Responsible for the increase in the number of customers by 40%”.
If you have extensive experience and if it’s in connection with the position you are applying for, it’s not that bad in the introductory part of the CV to insert a short text which would in two or three sentences summarize your greatest success, but in individual work, experiences provide only the most important points. On the other hand, if not all of your previous jobs are related to the position you are now preparing a CV for, such jobs only mention (position title, company name, period of work) – this is quite enough, because the attention of the employer should be on what will show that you know job well for which you are applying.
If you do not have work experience (or have it a bit), mention everything you’ve done, which says that you are worthy and you have some work habits – e.g. practices that you perform, volunteer work, involvement in student organizations and similar. If you do not have any of it, write your professional goals (what you want to perfect, and what you would like to achieve at work) so the employer realizes what are your professional aspirations in your career and how you perceive your future job, or in what way you want to build your career.
If you have a different experience from the position you are applying for, cover letter, first of all, should be your greatest ally. In the cover letter make sure you state the reason why you want to change your career direction and indicate that you are willing to learn and work on yourself in order to grow in the new field. As for the CV specify all you can do that will go in favor of such a change (additional training, additional courses, etc.). You can write an introductory paragraph “Professional goals” which will indicate briefly what motivated you to change, what you have done to implement the change and what would you like to do in order to be successful in this field. Work experience that you have gained so far indicates in chronological order, everything connected with the new job you can write in more detail, while the rest simply specify.
Diverse work experience – If you still have not found a focus in your career and you have a lot of diverse work experience, include and elaborate in detail all those experiences that have the most in common with the work that you love to do, and all the other just mention that you performed. Even in this case, use a cover letter as additional space to explain why you want this job and give everything that you think is going to support as proof that you can become an accomplished successful worker in that workplace.
How to write a CV – Education
Provide the highest level of your education and below indicate:
Name of an educational institution
Period of study/education or year-end
Diplomas / title
Additional information (scholarships you have received, awards you have won and you can point out what you think is important about these accomplishments)
Information on the average assessment of the studies you can specify if it is above 8.00.
In this section, you can also specify the scholarships you have received, awards you have won, contests in which you participated. You do not need to specify only the name, year and place. You can describe in a few words what you think is important about these awards, scholarships, etc. If you specify a recognition, at the bottom of the biography mention that the awards, diplomas, recommendations, and other certificates available for inspection upon request.
How to write a CV – Training / courses / seminars
Provide professional conferences and seminars in which you participated, which are relevant to the position you are applying for, and that you have attended relatively recently, for example, ideally that they are not older than 5 years. To this part, you can devote more attention and space if you do not have work experience or it is scarce.
Organizer’s name, place and time of participating
Acquired diploma/certificate/level of knowledge and similar.
The acquired knowledge/skills/competencies upon completion of the course/training/seminars
With this data, you represent yourself as a person who takes the initiative and is ready to fight for a good education, practical experience and a person willing to learn and grow.
How to write a CV – Work on computers
For the majority of positions, it will be enough to work using the MS Office package (Word, Excel, PowerPoint …) and on the Internet, unless you are applying for a position that requires specific and advanced knowledge, then mention related expertise you have. If you have completed some kind of a computer course, be sure to specify, as well as the institution where you had this knowledge gained. Write all professional programs that you are accustom to and specify the level of your knowledge (beginner, intermediate, advanced, expert-level).
Information about the elementary use of computers is not necessary to specify (unless you have expert knowledge), as this nowadays is an integral part of functional literacy and it is expected for a candidate to know.
If you do not have the knowledge of working in at least Word, Excel, and the Internet, we suggest that you start, because this is the minimum that is required in our country and abroad. It is important, to be honest, and realistic because the employer can check the level of your knowledge through a test or at the interview.
How to write a CV – Foreign languages
List all the languages you use, indicating how well you know the language (beginner, intermediate or advanced level). Also, please indicate if you have completed a language course, certificate and/or diploma as well as the institution where you had this knowledge gained. Keep in mind that the employer can check very easy how well do you know a foreign language and do not place yourself in a situation to write a CV for example that you know well French, and later at the interview, you have a problem to assemble three sentences. As always, be honest. If you see in the job ad that the knowledge of the language is extremely important, and your knowledge is at the middle level, write that you are ready in a short period of time to perfect the language and similar. Even this is better than to reveal that you were not honest because then you will have all your chances of getting a job lost in the water.
How to write a CV – Personal characteristics/hobbies
In this section, you should specify some personal qualities that you have and are relevant to the position you are applying for. A job as text can help you because in the ads are frequently cited characteristics that candidate needs to have. In addition, consider what features are important for the position (for example, analytical and precision of an accountant, communicative eloquence for the seller, and similar.) and fit them with the characteristics you have and place in the CV. In addition, you should be prepared for the interview with examples and specific situations to substantiate the characteristics you mention.
If you wish, you can refresh the biography information relevant to your interests and hobbies. Choose those interests and hobbies that specifically point to your quality, for example, if you are an amateur photographer, this talk about yourself that you are prepared to learn something yourself and that you have self-initiative, if you were a member of a sports club, it certainly speaks of teamwork, effort and struggle for success as well as competitive spirit. Hobbies you provide should really be hobbies (not the way you occasionally fill in your free time) and which are relevant and talk about you and cater to your specific personality.
In this part of your CV, you can specify all the information that is important, and you had no place to list it so far. Here you can specify whether you have a driver’s license, recommendations or everything that seems important for the employer to know.
These are just standard parts that biography should contain, and you, of course, you can add what you think you need and create the biography in its sole discretion. Keep in mind that your CV will need to be adapted for the job application, to explore what is required of candidates and, accordingly, highlight those qualities that characterize you as the right person for the job.
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